2004-10-10 - The Messianic Line
Haggai, Part 18
As Alden (Ibid.) notes: "This promise to Zerubbabel must be understood messianically, for the Persians simply would not tolerate a man laying claim to the promises here stated. Zerubbabel was no more the Messiah than Moses, Joshua, David, Solomon, or Isaiah. But Zerubbabel was in the genealogy of Christ (cf. Matt 1:12-13)."
"After the exile to Babylon: Jeconiah was the father of Shealtiel, Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, Zerubbabel the father of Abiud "
Let me close this section with comments from both Alden and Feinberg. " The mention of "signet ring" deserves special attention. In ancient times the signet ring corresponded to the crown, the throne, or the scepter. So Zerubbabel represents the resumption of the messianic line interrupted by the Exile, which in turn had been ushered in by the unfortunate reign of three of Josiah's sons. So the Book of Haggai, which began on such a discouraging and depressing note, ends on an uplifting and promising one.
Haggai's first message was one of indictment; his last one is of a great and blessed future for the people of God. As we now know, that future was much further away than either Haggai or Zerubbabel thought. But in the mind of God, it is as close and certain as tomorrow's rising sun. "All this prefigures the precious Christ." (Ibid. Feinberg)
Of course when one is speaking of the Millennium and Christ's rule, through the line of Zerubbabel, one also thinks of the temple, which moves us into a historical overview, going all the way back to the Tabernacle.
The Tabernacle: We spent a significant amount of time discussing the Tabernacle, so I won't go into it here. Suffice it to say it represented God's presence in the midst of the nation during the wilderness journey. The NIV Dictionary defines the Tabernacle this way:
TABERNACLE (Heb. ohel, moedh, tent of meeting, mishkan, dwelling, Gr. skene, tent). It was a portable sanctuary that embodied all that was necessary for the worship of the Lord under nomadic conditions, and also served as a prototype of a subsequent permanent building. At Sinai, Moses was given a divine revelation concerning the nature, construction, and furnishings of the tabernacle (Exod 25-40). The work was carried out by Bezaleel, Oholiab, and their workmen; and when the task was accomplished, the tent was covered by a cloud and was filled with the divine glory (40:34).
"Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle."
To be continued.
Comments or Questions?