2017-03-19 - Exodus Study
In the next Exodus study installment, we’re going to meet a couple of midwives. The practice of midwifery continues today, though it is held in disrepute by some in our culture. The Multimedia Encyclopedia describes the midwife this way:
“A midwife is a person who provides care to women during pregnancy and childbirth. While the practice of midwifery differs markedly among the midwives of the world, most focus on the natural, normal aspect of pregnancy, providing prenatal care, directing the birth procedure, and giving psychological encouragement to the woman and her family during the birth experience.
Midwifery has been a common practice worldwide, at least since biblical times. Throughout the world today, midwives continue to deliver a majority of the world's babies, not only in rural isolated countries with poor access to medical care, but also in many developed countries, such as Japan and the Netherlands, where infant mortality is very low. In the United States physician-attended births have become more customary. Although a revival of midwifery began in the 1960s, especially among those interested in a natural or a more family-centered birth experience, today fewer than 5 percent of U.S. births are attended by midwives.
In general, midwives use very little hi-tech equipment in providing care during labor and birth. Many have the additional training necessary to perform safely such procedures as episiotomy. Most midwives, particularly those with formal training, have an arrangement whereby a physician will be available in cases involving complications or unexpected emergencies. In addition to providing technical expertise, midwives also address the pregnant woman's emotional, social, and spiritual needs.
Midwifery training varies country to country, ranging from basic apprenticeship training to accredited degree programs for nurse-midwives–registered nurses with additional training as midwives. There are over 30 nurse-midwifery programs in the United States. Graduates who pass national certification exams gain the title “certified nurse-midwife” (CNM).
While many doctors and women prefer that a physician be on hand throughout labor and birth in case of emergency complications, recent studies of nurse-midwife-attended births indicate that birth outcomes are as good and sometimes better than births of women of similar risk attended by physicians.
~ Lisa Paine 1
As noted here, midwifery has been know since biblical times. The Lion Encyclopedia of the Bible has the following to say about midwifery in biblical times:
“There were, of course, Israelite midwives from the very earliest times. Even before the exodus they may have formed a kind of guild, with their own code of ethics and recognized leaders (two are named in Exodus 1:15). Mothers sometimes died in childbirth, but often the midwife was very skilled. Tamar successfully gave birth to twins who seem to have been locked in a difficult position (Genesis 38:27-30). Ezekiel, speaking about Jerusalem, throws light on what was normally done after a birth: ‘When you were born, no one cut your umbilical cord or rubbed you with salt or wrapped you in cloth.’ Midwifery was perhaps the only honorable public duty in which a woman could be employed.” 2
- Multimedia Encyclopedia, Grolier Inc., The Software Toolworks, Novato, CA, 1992
- Alexander, BA, Pat, Organizing Ed., The Lion Encyclopedia of the Bible, Batavia, IL, 1986, p. 235-236.
Study to be continued.
All verses are from the English Standard Version (ESV) unless otherwise noted.
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