2013-12015 - The Names of God
Ruth ~ Part 15
The Names of God: There are actually four forms of names of deity
in these verses; three are applicable to God, and one to the gods
of the Moabites. First, just to get it out of the way, lets look at
verse 15. Here is where we find the word gods. While scripture makes it clear
there is only one true God, it is also clear that scripture recognizes people
had objects of worship other than God. These might have been idols in the
classic sense. I also believe that sometimes there were actually demonic
manifestations which people may have been worshiping. In either case, Satan
was clearly involved in leading people away from God.
Now we find three names of God identified in these verses: God, Lord and
God: The use of the word God here deals with God as the father or
progenitor of His people Israel. Jackman speaks to Ruths use of Gods
name this way, when he notes:
In verse 16, Ruths loyalty to Naomi is shown to have its roots
in her loyalty to Naomis God (your God, my God). What began
as a borrowed faith is now declared to be her own, and her further statement
in verse 17 reveals her commitment to the powerful, sovereign hand of Yahweh
over her life. 1
Lord: The general use of the word refers to one who has authority
over others. In this context, it would refer to the ultimate authority, which
can only be exercised by God. Ruth has moved from talking about God in
relationship to His people Israel, to accepting His authority over her as
Almighty: This is the word Shaddai. There are a number of interpretations
of the root of the Hebrew, but apparently there is no agreement, and the
word is considered obscure. Here the focus is on Gods power. It was
Naomis belief that God exercised His power to take all from Naomi,
because of her sins. Reed has this to say.
By speaking of God as the Almighty, she emphasized His great
power (or provisions
. This great God could not be resisted.
The disaster He sent could not be averted.
Naomi was sure her problem
was all Gods fault.
Her complaint began and ended with a reference
to the Almighty, the name of the all-powerful God. 2
Jackman, David, The Communicators Commentary, Vol. 7,
Judges, Ruth, Word Books, Dallas, TX, 1997, p. 326.
Reed, John W., The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Volume 1,
Ruth, Victor Books, Wheaton, IL., 1986, p. 421.
To be continued.
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