2011-11-22 - 1 John
The Epistles of John ~ Part 5 ~ Outline and Prologue
God is Light 1:5-2:27
Communion with God and Confession of Sin 1:5-2:2
Communion with God and Obedience 2:3-11
Attitude Toward the World 2:12-17
God is Righteousness 2:28-4:6
The Righteous Children of God 2:28-3:10
The Righteous Love of the Children of God 3:11-18
Confidence Before God 3:19-24
Warning Against the Spirit of Antichrist 4:1-6
God is Love 4:7-5:12
The Nature of True Agapé 4:7-21
Necessity of Faith in Jesus 5:1-12
Prologue: John doesn't give a typical
salutation to this first epistle. In fact, because of this some scholars
believe it is a sermon given to the church at Ephesus, instead of a letter.
Nevertheless we will approach it as a letter sent by John to believer who
he was concerned for.
Because of the difficulties involved with the translation of the Greek into
English for this introduction, I am going to read it in the amplified version
of the Bible. Baker notes that:
"the four verses represent a single periodic sentence in Greek. But the main
verb and subject "we proclaim" (apangellomen), which controls the whole sentence,
does not appear until v.3." 1
[We are writing] about the Word of Life [in] Him Who
existed from the beginning, Whom we have heard, Whom we have seen with our
[own] eyes, Whom we have gazed upon [for ourselves] and have touched with
our [own] hands.
v.2 And the Life [an aspect of His being] was revealed
(made manifest, demonstrated), and we saw (as eyewitnesses) and are testifying
to and declare to you the Life, the eternal Life [in Him] Who already existed
with the Father and Who [actually] was made visible?was revealed?to us [His
v.3 What we have seen and [ourselves] heard we are also
telling you, so the you too may realize and enjoy fellowship as partners
and partakers with us. And [this fellowship that we have which is a
distinguishing mark of Christians) is with the Father and with His Son Jesus
Christ, the Messiah.
v.4 And we are now writing these things to you so that
our joy [in seeing you included] may be full?and your joy may be complete."
Baker, pp. 298-299
The Amplified Bible, Zondervan Bible Publishers, Grand Rapids
To be continued.
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