[CF Devotionals] 2011-04-10 - Nahum

Introduction ~ Part 2

Outline of Entire Nahum Study

  1. Introduction
  2. Author
  3. Date
  4. Literary Form
  5. Theme
  6. Conclusion & Reading of Nahum

  1. Introduction: Armerding Introduces the Book This Way:
    "Nahum's prophecy is rooted in the Lord's revelation of himself at Sinai as a God of judgment and mercy. This self-revelation is echoed in 1:2-6 and given increasingly specific application in the remaining verses of the book. Nahum thus stands firmly in Israel's prophetic tradition as one inspired to interpret the complexities of the present and future in the light of the past: the general truths of the law belonged to every member of the covenant (Deut 29:29); the details of its outworking in history were understood only by those called to stand in the Lord's council (Jer 23:18, 22; Amos 3:7)." 1
    "The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may follow all the words of this law" (Deuteronomy 29:29)
    "But which of them has stood in the council of the Lord to see or to hear his word? Who has listened and heard his word?" … "But if they had stood in my council, they would have proclaimed my words to my people and would have turned them from their evil ways and from their evil deeds." … "Surely the Sovereign Lord does nothing without revealing his plan to his servants the prophets." (Jeremiah 23:18, 22; Amos 3:7).

    Willmington identifies the problem that brings about the need for the prophecy. It harkens back to Jonah's day. "Under Jonah's ministry some 100 to 150 years before Nahum, the Assyrian threat had been nullified by the mass conversion of the king and people. The generation of Assyria in Nahum's day reverted to the idolatrous ways of their ancestors before Jonah. Under Sennacherib they invaded Judah and laid siege to Jerusalem. It was only by God's supernatural intervention that the Assyrian threat was neutralized (cf. 2 Kings 19:35-36; 2 Chronicles 32:21) or Judah would have suffered Israel's fate." 2

    "That night, the angel of the Lord went out and put to death a hundred and eighty-five thousand men in the Assyrian camp. When the people got up the next morning, there were all the dead bodies! So Sennacherib, king of Assyria, broke camp and withdrew. He returned to Nineveh and stayed there." … "And the Lord sent an angel, who annihilated all the fighting men and the leaders and officers in the camp of the Assyrian king. So he withdrew to his own land in disgrace. And when he went into the temple of his god, some of his sons cut him down with the sword" (2 Kings 19:35-36; 2 Chronicles 32:21).

  1. Armerding, Carl E., The Expositor's Bible Commentary, Nahum, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1990
  2. Willmington, Harold L., Survey of the Old Testament, Victor Books, Wheaton, IL, 1987, p. 493

Comments or Questions?
Geoff

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