2011-04-10 - Nahum
Introduction ~ Part 2
Outline of Entire Nahum Study
Conclusion & Reading of Nahum
Introduction: Armerding Introduces the Book This Way:
"Nahum's prophecy is rooted in the Lord's revelation of himself at Sinai
as a God of judgment and mercy. This self-revelation is echoed in 1:2-6 and
given increasingly specific application in the remaining verses of the book.
Nahum thus stands firmly in Israel's prophetic tradition as one inspired
to interpret the complexities of the present and future in the light of the
past: the general truths of the law belonged to every member of the covenant
(Deut 29:29); the details of its outworking in history were understood only
by those called to stand in the Lord's council (Jer 23:18, 22; Amos 3:7)."
"The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the
things revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may follow
all the words of this law" (Deuteronomy 29:29)
"But which of them has stood in the council of the Lord
to see or to hear his word? Who has listened and heard his word?"
"But if they had stood in my council, they would have proclaimed my words
to my people and would have turned them from their evil ways and from their
"Surely the Sovereign Lord does nothing without revealing
his plan to his servants the prophets." (Jeremiah 23:18, 22; Amos 3:7).
Willmington identifies the problem that brings about the need for the prophecy.
It harkens back to Jonah's day. "Under Jonah's ministry some 100 to 150 years
before Nahum, the Assyrian threat had been nullified by the mass conversion
of the king and people. The generation of Assyria in Nahum's day reverted
to the idolatrous ways of their ancestors before Jonah. Under Sennacherib
they invaded Judah and laid siege to Jerusalem. It was only by God's supernatural
intervention that the Assyrian threat was neutralized (cf. 2 Kings 19:35-36;
2 Chronicles 32:21) or Judah would have suffered Israel's fate." 2
"That night, the angel of the Lord went out and put to
death a hundred and eighty-five thousand men in the Assyrian camp. When the
people got up the next morning, there were all the dead bodies! So Sennacherib,
king of Assyria, broke camp and withdrew. He returned to Nineveh and stayed
"And the Lord sent an angel, who annihilated all the fighting
men and the leaders and officers in the camp of the Assyrian king. So he
withdrew to his own land in disgrace. And when he went into the temple of
his god, some of his sons cut him down with the sword" (2 Kings 19:35-36;
2 Chronicles 32:21).
Armerding, Carl E., The Expositor's Bible Commentary, Nahum,
Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1990
Willmington, Harold L., Survey of the Old Testament, Victor
Books, Wheaton, IL, 1987, p. 493
Comments or Questions?
Podcasts of Studies in Matthew can be found at